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Career in Library & Information Science

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The modern society is passing through the phase of information explosion. Information is available in print media such as books, periodicals, newspapers, maps etc. as well as in non-print media such as Compact Disks, phonograph records, films tapes, microforms etc. Management of various types of information is a challenge and a highly scientific task. It was the need to manage the information explosion and hence the library and information centers emerged. That was followed by the emergence of Library and Information Science. Library Science emerged as a discipline only in the end of the 19th century. With increase in micro-literature such as scientific periodicals, patents, theses etc., the new array of techniques emerged which was terms “Documentation”. Next to that, the society is facing the exponential growth of scientific literature, automation and new media of communication (such as Information Communication Technology-ICT). This brought sea change in the outlook of Librarians and Documentalists and more so in the users of information. Thus emerged “Information Science” where “Information” is at the center.  We can depict the phase of Library & information science” as follows:

*Books – Library Science

*Documents (Books+Mirco-literatures)-Documentation

*Information -Information Science

                                              

 Library and Information Centers are repositories of knowledge and information and entertainment. They contain books, periodicals, microfilms, CDs i.e. print and non-print media for education, research and entertainment etc. Those who scientifically and systematically organize and disseminate these information sources through vivid processes such as acquisition, cataloguing, classification, reference works and dissemination of information etc., are called ‘Librarians/Information Managers’. This profession is among top ten most coveted professions in developed countries [(http://www.competitionmaster.com) – careers in Library Science, p.1]

 Library and Information Science deals with all kinds of aspects related to Library and Information Centers with a motive to link the information seekers with the required information through various Library and Information operations.

 OBJECTIVE OF LIS Programme

Ø         To provide the students knowledge about basic principles and fundamentals of LIS;

Ø         To train the learners about various methodology and techniques of librarianship and information handling;

Ø         To make students understand the purpose and function of the Library/Information center in the changing scenario of the society;

Ø         To acquaint the learners of the application of different management techniques in managing the Information systems and services;

Ø         To familiarize the students with fundamentals and methodology of planning, designing and developing the Library and Information centers and their services at local, national, regional and global level;

Ø         To make the students aware of application of Information Technology/ICT to LIS;

Ø         To familiarize the learners about the basic knowledge of the quantitative and qualitative techniques in LIS such as statistical methods, quality management, Informetrics and Scientometrics etc.

Ø         To provide the students the basic knowledge of preservation and maintenance of the collections in Library/Information Centres, technical writings etc.

  PROGRAMMES IN LIS

SL.NO

Name of programmes

Eligibility

Duration

1.

Certificate in Library & Information Sc. (CLISc)/Certificate in Library Sc. (CLSc).

Matric/10+2 or equivalent

3 to 6 Months

2.

Certificate in Information, communication & Technology (ICT) Application in Library (CICTAL)

10+2 with CLISc/DLSc

6 Months

3

Diploma in Library & Information Sc (DLISc)/ Diploma in Library Sc (DLSc)

10+2 or equivalent

1 Yr

4

Bachelor of Library & Information Sc (BLSc)/Bachelor of Library Sc (BLSc)

Graduation or equivalent

1 Yr

5

BLISc/BLSc (LIS as subject at B.A level)

10+2 or equivalent

3 Yrs

6

Post Graduate Diploma in Libaray Automation & Networking (PGDLAN)

BLIS/BLSc

1 Yr

7

Master of Library & Information Sc. (MLISc)/ Master of Library Sc. (MLSc)

BLISc/BLSc

1 Yr

8

MLISc/MLSc (Integrated Course)

Graduation or equivalent

2 Yrs

9

Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (ADIS) [Equivalent to MLISc/MLSc

BLISc/BLSc/MBBS/BE/PG/ or equivalent

2 Yrs

10

Associateship of Information Science (ALS) [Equivalent to MLISc/MLSc]

BLISc/BLSc/MBBS/BE/PG/ or equivalent

2 Yrs

11

MSc (Information Science) [equivalent to MLISc/MLSc]

Graduation/MBBS/BE/B.Pharma/or equivalent

2 Yr

12

Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.

MLISc/MLSc or equivalent

1 Yr

13

Doctor of philosophy ( Ph.D)

Same as above

2 to 5 Yrs

14.

Doctor of Literature (D. Litt)

Ph.D

 SCHOOL OF LIS

The different programmes, in LIS given in bracket [ ] are available  in the following  University/Institutes(The list includes some prominent schools) :-

Ø         Andhra University, Visakhapatnam- 530 003 [MLISc, Mphil, Ph.D}]

Ø         Osamania University, Hyderabad- 500007 (www.osamiauniversity.ac.in)

Ø         Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Ananthapur- 515003 [MLISc, M Phil, Ph.D]

Ø         Sri Venkateshwaraa University, Tirupati- 517502. [MLISc, M Phil, Ph.D]

Ø         Gauhati University, Guwahati- 787014 (www.gu.ac.in) [MLISc, Ph.D] 

Ø         Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi- 835215 (www.bitmesra.ac.in)[MSc (Information Sc), Ph.D (Information Sc)

Ø         Lalit Narayan Mithila Univesity, Darbhanga- 846004 [BLISc]

Ø         Patna Unversity, Patna- 800005 (www.puonline.bih.nic.in)   [CLISc,   BLISc, MLISc(proposed)]

Ø         Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur- 812007 [BLISc, MLSc, Ph.D]

Ø         Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur- 495001(www.gguniversity.nic.in) [MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Pt. Ravi Shankar Shukla University, Raipur- 492010 [BLISc,MLISc,Ph.D]

Ø         National Institute of Science communication & Information Rersoureces (NISCAIR- formerly INSDOC), Dr.  K.S. Krishna Marg, Near pusa gate, New Delhi- 110012 (CSIR) [AIS,shorterm course: IT for Inf. Management, Lib. Automation and Resource sharing, Recent trends in LIS patent Drafiting and WINISIS (www.niscair.res.in)

Ø         University of Delhi, Tutorial Building, Delhi- 110007 (www.du.ac.in)[BLISs,MLISc,Mphil,Ph.D]

Ø         IGNOU, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi- 110068 (www.ignou.ac.in) [BLISc,MLISc,Ph.D, PGDLAN,)

Ø         Gujarat Vidyapith Library, Ashram Road, Amhedabad- 380014 [BLISc, MLISc. M Phil, Ph.D]

Ø         M S University of Baroda, Vadodara- 390002 (www.msubaroda.ac.in) [BLISc, MLISc]

Ø         Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra- 132119 (www.kukinfo.com) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D].

Ø         University of Jammu, Baba Sahib Ambedkar Road, campusJammu- 180006 [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Documentation Research and Training Center (DRTC), Indian Statistical Institute, 8th Mile, Mysore Road, Bangalore- 560005 [ADIS] (www.drtc.isibang.ac.in)

Ø         Gulbarga Universtiy, Jnana Ganga, Gulbarga- 585106 (www. Bangaloreuniversity.net)[MLISc,M.Phil., Ph.D]

Ø         Karnataka Universty, Pavate Nagar, Dharwad- 580003 (www. Kud.ernet.in) [MLISc, Ph.D]s

Ø         University of Kerala ,Tiruvanthpuram- 673632 [BLISc, MLISc, Mphil, Ph.D]

Ø         Barkatullah Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal- 462026 (www.bubhopal.nic.in) [BLISc, MLISc]

Ø         Dr. Harishingh Gaur Vishwavidyalaya, sagar- 470003 (www.sagaruniversity.nic.in) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D)

Ø         Jiwaji University, Central Library, Gwalior- 474001 [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University Institute of Journalism, E8, Trilanga, Bhopal- 462016 (www.mcu.ac.in) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D, BLIT, PGDLA]

Ø         .Nagpur University, Library Building, ramdaspeth, North Ambazari Maarg, Nagpur- 440010 [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         University of Pune, Jayakar Library, Ganeshkhind, pune 411007 [MLISc Mphil, Ph.D]                                                                                                     .     

Ø         Manipur University, Canchipur, Imphal- 795003 [BLISc]

Ø         North Eastern Hill University, Shilong-793002 (www.nehu.ac.in) [MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         .Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Burla, Sambalpur-768019[BLISc , MLISc, M.Phil, Ph.D]

Ø         Guru Nanak University, Amritsar,-143005 (www.gndusite.com) [BLISc , MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Punjabi University, Patiala-147002(www.universitypunjabi.org)  [DLSc, BLISc , MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         University of Rajasthan, Jaipur [BLISc and Documentation, MLISc and Documentation, Ph.D]

Ø         Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-608002 [MLISc, M.Phil, Ph.D]

Ø         University of Madras, Chennai-600005 (www.unom.ac.in) [MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002 [ BLISc , MLISc, M.Phil]

Ø         B.H.U, Varanasi-221005 (www.bhu.ac.in) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Bundelkhand University, Jhansi- 284128 (www.bundelkhanduniverstiy.net) [BLISc, MLISc,Ph.D]

Ø         University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007, [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D, Short Term course in Library Computerization]     

Ø         University of Burdwan, Burdwan-713104 ) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         University of Calcutta, Kolkata-700073 {www.caluniv.ac.in) ) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032 (www.jadavpur.edu) ) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]                                                                                                   

JOB OPPURTUNITIES IN LIS  

Today there are bright career prospects in Library and information Science. The qualified professionals are employed in vivid libraries and Information Centers. The job opportunities in LIS can be depicted in the following sectors:

      I. ACEDEMIC LIBRARY SECTOR:

The librarians and information professionals are needed for various academic libraries, which are established in order to satisfy the informational needs of the parent bodies. Academic libraries/Information centers include School libraries, College Libraries, University Libraries, Institutional Libraries/Information centers etc. Here it is remarkable that CBSE affiliated Schools have an organized Library, hence a librarian. As per UGC norms, Colleges and universities must have a good library.

II. SPECIAL LIBRARY SECTOR

Various Technical institutes have special libraries/Information centers which include Engineering Colleges, Medical Colleges, Management Colleges, Specialized Institutes/Organizations such as council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Industrial Companies like Steel Authority of India Ltd. (SAIL) etc. There is vast scope of career for qualified library/Information Professionals in these libraries/information centers.

 III. PUBLIC LIBRARY SECTOR

            There is large network of public libraries at Administrative levels of governments such as Villages, Panchayats, block, District Commissionery and State etc. In India we have a large number of Public Libraries as shown in the following table:

 Penetration of Public Libraries in India

Demography of India   

Number  

Public Libraries

Number

% Covered

State & Uts     

35

State Central Libraries 

28

80%

Districts 

592   

District Libraries

451 

76%

Talukas#       

3987 

Taluka Libraries

501

12.5%

Villages # #     

5,87,226

Rural Libraries 

28,820

4.9%

 

(Source:# census of India, 1991, ## Ghosh 2005)

Some NGOs are also running various public libraries.

            Thus it is clear that there are great job opportunities, for Library/ Information professionals in the public library sector in India.

 IV. CORPORATE SECTOR: Specially big companies maintain Libraries/Information Centers for their informational needs.  These companies employ qualified professionals as Information Scientists, Information managers, Database managers, Resource Managers, Knowledge worker,, Library supervisor, Librarians etc.

            There is good news that recently the National Knowledge commission of India has recommended the formation of the National Library commission to strengthen the library networks in India.  Thus the scope of librarianship becomes brighter.

            With the information revolution, qualified Library/Information professionals are diversifying to several new growth areas such as database management, reference tool development, training of database users, systems analysis especially relating to computer work, documentation works, bibliographical works and Organisation & management of information units. Entrepreneurial Librarians/Information professionals also start their own consulting practices, acting as freelance Librarians or information brokers and providing services to other libraries, businesses or government agencies.

            Conclusively today career in LIS is multidimensional, ever growing and bright which is significantly enriching the knowledge base of the society for prosperity and progress. 

 *Assistant University Librarian,(Central Library, Ranchi University),Qr.No.25/10, Ranchi University Colony, Bariatu, Ranchi-834009.(Email:uskk_17@yahoo.co.in)

**Staff & Part Time Counsellor, IGNOU Regional Centre, Ranchi –834002

(Email:bkdasignou@indiatimes.com)


Author:
SANJAY KUMAR KARN* & BASANTA KUMAR DAS**

Source: Employment News Vol.XXXII, No.46 (19 FEb.08- 25 Feb. 08)

http://www.employmentnews.gov.in/article.html?aid=168

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Categories: News
  1. June 2, 2009 at 6:14 am

    hi this is rafi {mlisc}in s.v.u campus at tirupati a.p u know sri lord balaji swami

  2. venkatesh g
    March 23, 2010 at 9:36 am

    i want to do in ph d in library and information science in please do the needful

  3. April 19, 2010 at 7:53 am

    I want to do the phd in lib&info science Please send all the details .passed in b.lb & m.lib from IGNOU only & did M.PHIL also job working with three three years experiance so now want to joi the PHD from Ignou only. so send us where & when to take the admission .plse send a mail to

    suma_bs0@rediffmail.com
    SUMANGALA B. SHETTAR
    SHETTAR ONI.
    GANESH PETH,
    HUBLI.
    KARNATAKA

  4. SOMASHEKHAR.T.S
    June 7, 2010 at 11:32 am

    hai.. sir this is somashekhar studing mlisc in tumkur university i want to learn practical knowledge while learning and i wnt to join the computer courses plz suggest course which help tp my careear

  5. SOMASHEKHAR.T.S
    June 7, 2010 at 11:34 am

    hai.. sir this is somashekhar studing mlisc in tumkur university i want to learn practical knowledge while learning and i want to join the computer courses plz suggest course which help to my careear

  6. ADHIK SINGH
    August 1, 2010 at 6:54 am

    I am searching for admition in master in library and information science in gujarat(regular course) plz help me out if there is any. plz mail me

    ADHIK SINGH
    BARODA

  7. Mac
    April 30, 2013 at 7:34 am

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    what if you added a little content? I am not saying your content
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    I mean Career in Library & Information Science | New Age
    Information Professional is kinda plain. You should look at Yahoo’s front page and watch how they create article headlines to get people to click. You might try adding a video or a related picture or two to grab people excited about what you’ve got to say.
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  8. May 13, 2013 at 11:21 am

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