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Unprecedented Number of International Patent Filings in 2007

February 25, 2008 Leave a comment

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Geneva, February 21, 2008
PR/2008/536

In a year that saw a record number of filings under the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), the cornerstone of the international patent system, inventors from the Republic of Korea (4th place) and China (7th) consolidated their top ten position in 2007, along with the United States of America (1st) , Japan (2nd), Germany (3rd), France (5th), United Kingdom (6th), Netherlands (8th), Switzerland (9th) and Sweden (10th). In total, a record 156,100 [1] applications were filed in 2007, representing a 4.7% rate of growth over the previous year. For the fourth year running, the most notable growth rates came from countries in north east Asia which accounted for over a quarter (25.8%) of all international applications under the PCT.

“The growth in patent filings by a number of countries in north east Asia and their share of overall patenting activity is impressive and confirms shifting patterns of innovation around the world,” said Dr. Kamil Idris, Director General of WIPO. “It is most encouraging to see clear evidence that countries in the region are embracing the tools of the international patent system to stimulate commercial activity and economic growth,” he added, noting “The PCT remains an attractive option for businesses as it makes it easier for companies and inventors to obtain patent rights in multiple countries.” The Director General further noted that “Strategic use of the patent system is a business imperative in today’s knowledge-driven economy. The success of the PCT is largely due to the sustained use of the system by some of the world’s foremost innovation-based companies.”

The Republic of Korea, which experienced 18.8% growth in 2007 as compared to 2006, overtook France to become the 4th biggest country of origin of PCT filings, and applicants from China, whose use grew by 38.1%, dislodged the Netherlands to take the position of 7th largest country of origin. 

With more than 52,000 PCT applications, inventors and industry from the United States of America represented 33.5% (a 2.6% increase over 2006) of all applications in 2007. Applicants from Japan, who unseated their German counterparts in 2003 for the number two spot, maintained their second place position with 17.8% of the total number of applications, representing a 2.6% increase over 2006. Inventors and industry from Germany held third position with 11.6% of all applications in 2007, representing an 8.4% increase, followed by users in the Republic of Korea (4.5% of all applications and an 18.8% increase) and France (4.1% of all applications and a 2.1% increase). Of the fifteen top filing countries, China achieved double-digit growth (7th highest filer, with a growth rate of 38.1% in 2007). Among other countries to register double-digit growth in 2007 were Brazil (15.3%), Malaysia (71.7%), Singapore (13.9%) and Turkey (10%).

Mr. Francis Gurry, Deputy Director General who oversees the work of the PCT, said “WIPO is continuing to enhance the PCT and its operations to ensure that applicants benefit from access to ever-more efficient, cost-effective quality services of the highest caliber”, and pointed out that WIPO receives on average over 400 PCT applications every day. Mr. Gurry said “We have seen tremendous efficiency gains in the delivery of PCT services over the last four years. WIPO is handling an unprecedented volume of applications with lower staff numbers and is effectively responding to increased demands resulting from changing patterns of innovation. We are clearly seeing a maturing of the system as the PCT celebrates 30 years of operations and currently enjoys a membership of 138 countries.”

Top Applicants

The year 2007 saw some changes in the list of top users of the PCT system. Matsushita of Japan moved into 1st place (2,100 applications published in 2007), overtaking the Dutch multinational Philips Electronics N.V. (2,041 applications published in 2007). Siemens (Germany) (1,644) retained 3rd place. Huawei Technologies of China moved up 9 places to become the 4th largest applicant with 1,365 applications published in 2007. These were followed by Bosch (Germany) (1,146), Toyota (Japan) (997), Qualcomm (USA) (974), Microsoft, which jumped 38 places to 8th place (USA) (845), Motorola (USA) (824) and Nokia (Finland) (822).  Among the 20 top filing companies, six were from the USA, six from Japan and three from Germany.

Fields of Technology

The largest proportion of PCT applications published in 2007 related to the telecommunications (10.5%), information technology (10.1%) and pharmaceuticals (9.3%) sectors. The fastest growing technology areas are nuclear engineering (24.5% increase) and telecommunications (15.5%).

The main fields of technology in which PCT applications were published in 2007 are broken down according to the International Patent Classification (IPC) – a classification system designed to facilitate the retrieval of technical information found in patent documents. These categories are outlined in Annex I. (For further information on IPC codes, please consult: http://www.wipo.int/classifications/ipc/).

Developing Countries

WIPO continued to receive international patent applications from developing countries in 2007. The largest number of applications received came from the Republic of Korea (7,061) and China (5,456) followed by India (686), South Africa (390), Brazil (384), Mexico (173), Malaysia (103), Egypt (41), Saudi Arabia (35) and Colombia (31). 

Developing countries make up 78% of the membership of the PCT, representing 108 of the 138 countries that have signed up to the treaty to date.

Other Developments

Applicants are increasingly submitting their international applications electronically. In 2007, more than half (53%) of the applications received were filed electronically. A further 15% were filed using PCT-EASY software (electronic bibliographic data with the patent specification on paper). The remaining 32% were filed entirely on paper.

Approximately 5.6% – some 8,700 international applications – of all PCT applications in 2007 were filed directly with the WIPO PCT Receiving Office. Applicants, who so wish, may file their international applications directly with the WIPO PCT receiving office in Geneva rather than through the intermediary of a national or regional IP office.

Through the application of information technologies and the outsourcing of certain functions, for example, in the field of translation, WIPO has augmented productivity levels in PCT operations. All PCT applications are now scanned on receipt at WIPO and processed electronically. Mr. Gurry said “With these changes, WIPO is able to contain costs and process the increased volume of PCT applications while keeping staff levels relatively constant.” 

Background

The PCT offers inventors and industry an advantageous route for obtaining patent protection internationally. By filing one “international” patent application under the PCT, protection of an invention can be sought simultaneously in each of a large number of countries. Both applicants and patent offices of PCT member states benefit from the uniform formality requirements, the international search and preliminary examination reports, and the centralized international publication provided by the PCT system. The national patent granting procedure and the related expenses are postponed, in the majority of cases, by up to 18 months (or even longer in the case of some offices) as compared with the traditional patent system. By this time, the applicant will have received important value-added information concerning the likelihood of obtaining patent protection as well as potential commercial interest in that invention.

Growth rates in the filing of PCT applications have been particularly dynamic over the last nine years. It took 18 years from the beginning of PCT operations in 1978 to reach 250,000 total applications, but only four years to double that figure (500,000), and another four to double it again (1,000,000).

For further information, contact the Media Relations & Public Affairs Section at WIPO: Tel: +41 22 338 8161 or 338 95 47; e-mail: publicinf@wipo.int.

Annex I 

PCT International Applications  
Top 15 Countries of Origin
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007 estimate
2007 percent
2007 growth
United States of America
 41’030
 43’350
 46’803
 50’941
 52’280
33.5%
2.6%
Japan
 17’414
 20’264
 24’869
 27’033
 27’731
17.8%
2.6%
Germany
 14’662
 15’214
 15’984
 16’732
 18’134
11.6%
8.4%
Republic of Korea
 2’949
 3’558
 4’688
 5’944
 7’061
4.5%
18.8%
France
 5’171
 5’184
 5’748
 6’242
 6’370
4.1%
2.1%
United Kingdom
 5’206
 5’027
 5’084
 5’090
 5’553
3.6%
9.1%
China
 1’295
 1’706
 2’503
 3’951
 5’456
3.5%
38.1%
Netherlands
 4’479
 4’284
 4’500
 4’529
 4’186
2.7%
-7.6%
Switzerland
 2’861
 2’898
 3’290
 3’577
 3’674
2.4%
2.7%
Sweden
 2’612
 2’851
 2’883
 3’316
 3’533
2.3%
6.5%
Italy
 2’163
 2’189
 2’349
 2’716
 2’927
1.9%
7.8%
Canada
 2’271
 2’104
 2’318
 2’566
 2’707
1.7%
5.5%
Australia
 1’680
 1’837
 1’996
 2’001
 2’054
1.3%
2.6%
Finland
 1’557
 1’672
 1’893
 1’845
 1’952
1.3%
5.8%
Israel
 1’129
 1’227
 1’454
 1’589
 1’683
1.1%
5.9%
All Others
 8’715
 9’245
 10’326
 11’084
 10’800
6.9%
-2.6%
Total
115’194
122’610
136’688
149’156
156’100
4.7%

Main fields of technology in which PCT applications were published

Technical Field
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
Increase Compared with 2006
I
Electricity – Electronics
1
Electrical devices, electrical engineering, electrical energy
7,365
7,568
8,768
10,069
11,035
9.6%
2
Audio-visual technology
6,057
6,074
6,713
7,453
7,759
4.1%
3
Telecommunications
10,821
10,441
11,670
13,634
15,751
15.5%
4
Information technology
9,917
9,531
10,992
13,791
15,109
9.6%
II
Instruments
5
Semiconductors
4’051
4’109
4’719
6’111
6’587
7.8%
6
Optics
2’616
2’563
3’215
5’898
5’960
1.1%
7
Analysis, measurement, control technology
11’447
10’869
11’867
13’225
13’531
2.3%
8
Medical technology
8’600
8’877
9’554
11’249
11’890
5.7%
9
Nuclear engineering
517
496
499
572
712
24.5%
III
Chemicals – Materials
10
Organic fine chemistry
5’225
5’652
6’112
6’512
6’082
-6.6%
11
Macromolecular chemistry, polymers
3’984
4’002
4’532
5’904
5’946
0.7%
12
Chemical engineering
3’879
3’702
4’266
5’680
5’863
3.2%
13
Surface technology, coating
3’293
3’326
3’642
4’361
4’247
-2.6%
14
Materials, metallurgy
3’037
3’031
3’252
3’836
4’045
5.4%
IV
Pharmaceuticals – Biotechnology
15
Biotechnology
8’604
7’609
7’312
7’413
7’228
-2.5%
16
Pharmaceuticals, cosmetics
9’976
9’436
11’090
13’920
13’936
0.1%
17
Agriculture and food
1’660
1’840
1’949
2’336
2’309
-1.2%
V
Process engineering
18
Industrial processes
5’365
4’909
4’911
5’010
5’295
5.7%
19
Handling, printing
4’540
4’555
5’401
6’234
6’261
0.4%
20
Agricultural and food processing, machinery and apparatus
1’274
1’334
1’521
1’504
1’478
-1.7%
21
Materials processing, textiles, paper
4’780
4’285
4’763
5’484
5’312
-3.1%
22
Environmental technology
1’314
1’249
1’380
1’585
1’780
12.3%
VI
Machinery – Mechanics – Transport
23
Machine tools
2’485
2’323
2’773
3’009
3’132
4.1%
24
Engines, pumps, turbines
2’820
2’975
3’205
3’700
4’170
12.7%
25
Thermal processes and apparatus
1’580
1’542
1’825
2’062
2’297
11.4%
26
Mechanical Components
3’567
3’720
4’108
4’748
5’084
7.1%
27
Transport
4’597
4’883
5’542
6’078
6’696
10.2%
28
Space technology and weapons
494
436
536
513
507
-1.2%
VII
Consumer goods – Civil engineering
29
Consumer goods and equipment
5’757
6’040
7’228
8’310
8’629
3.8%
30
Civil engineering, building, mining
3’461
3’847
3’908
4’399
4’688
6.6%

Top 50 PCT Applicants in 2007

2007
Ranking
Position Changed
Applicant’s Name
Country of Origin
PCT application published in 2007
Increased over 2006
1
1
MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD.
JP
2100
-244
2
-1
KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V.
NL
2041
-454
3
0
SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
DE
1644
164
4
9
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
CN
1365
790
5
0
ROBERT BOSCH GMBH
DE
1146
184
6
2
TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
JP
997
293
7
5
QUALCOMM INCORPORATED
US
974
366
8
38
MICROSOFT CORPORATION
US
845
603
9
1
MOTOROLA, INC.
US
824
187
10
-6
NOKIA CORPORATION
FI
822
-214
11
-4
BASF AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
DE
810
94
12
-6
3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
US
769
42
13
3
LG ELECTRONICS INC.
KR
719
152
14
1
FUJITSU LIMITED
JP
708
137
15
6
SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA
JP
702
206
16
12
NEC CORPORATION
JP
626
253
17
-8
INTEL CORPORATION
US
623
-67
18
4
PIONEER CORPORATION
JP
611
117
19
10
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
US
606
241
20
0
SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
KR
598
93
21
-7
TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON (PUBL)
SE
597
25
22
1
THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY
US
575
83
23
-4
HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
US
520
12
24
-7
E.I. DUPONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
US
504
-19
25
12
GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
US
438
159
26
7
THOMSON LICENSING
FR
416
113
27
-9
HEWLETT-PACKARD DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, L.P.
US
405
-104
28
8
BSH BOSCH UND SIEMENS HAUSGERÄTE GMBH
DE
398
116
29
FUJIFILM CORPORATION
JP
372
372
30
-4
THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
US
364
-52
31
52
SONY ERICSSON MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS AB
SE
360
211
32
10
FREESCALE SEMICONDUCTOR, INC.
US
355
101
33
-3
BOSTON SCIENTIFIC SCIMED, INC.
US
342
15
34
16
NOVARTIS AG
CH
342
115
35
-3
FRANCE TELECOM
FR
341
38
36
3
LG CHEM, LTD.
KR
332
70
37
-10
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
US
330
-64
38
9
ASTRAZENECA AB
SE
299
59
39
-4
KIMBERLY-CLARK WORLDWIDE, INC.
US
299
16
40
1
MEDTRONIC, INC.
US
297
37
41
16
ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH INSTITUTE
KR
288
87
42
3
CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC.
US
283
40
43
6
DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
JP
279
46
44
-33
MITSUBISHI DENKI KABUSHIKI KAISHA
JP
279
-337
45
7
TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED
JP
272
52
46
-8
CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
JP
265
-1
47
-4
MURATA MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
JP
257
9
48
300
LUCENT TECHNOLOGIES INC.
US
251
208
49
5
NIKON CORPORATION
JP
244
28
50
NXP B.V.
NL
241
241

PCT International Applications by Residence of First Applicant
All Countries of Origin

COUNTRY
NAME
2003
2004
2005
 2006
2007 (Estimate)
AD
Andorra
                  4
 2
                  3
                  3
                  2
AE
United Arab Emirates
                  6
 17
                24
                14
                18
AG
Antigua and Barbuda
                  1
 1
                  2
AI
Anguilla
 1
                  2
AL
Albania
 1
                  1
AM
Armenia
 2
 2
                  3
                  7
                  4
AN
Netherlands Antilles
 2
                  3
                10
                  1
AR
Argentina
 15
 11
                20
                20
                27
AT
Austria
 644
 709
              851
              916
              976
AU
Australia
            1’680
            1’837
            1’996
            2’001
           2’054
AZ
Azerbaijan
 6
 5
                  5
                14
                  7
BA
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 7
 3
                  7
                  8
                13
BB
Barbados
 192
 246
              258
              192
              132
BD
Bangladesh
 2
BE
Belgium
 776
 832
            1’076
            1’034
           1’060
BG
Bulgaria
 45
 24
                21
                24
                27
BH
Bahrain
 2
BI
Burundi
 1
                  1
                  2
                  1
BJ
Benin
                  1
BM
Bermuda
 3
 10
                  4
                  6
                10
BN
Brunei Darussalam
                  7
                  1
BO
Bolivia
 3
                  1
BR
Brazil
 219
 278
 271
              333
              384
BS
Bahamas
 15
 21
 31
                19
                36
BW
Botswana
 1
BY
Belarus
 16
 26
 22
                18
                10
BZ
Belize
 3
 9
 5
                  1
                  1
CA
Canada
            2’271
            2’104
            2’318
            2’566
           2’707
CH
Switzerland
            2’861
            2’898
            3’290
            3’577
           3’674
CI
Côte d’Ivoire
 1
 1
CK
Cook Islands
 6
 1
 1
                  1
CL
Chile
 9
 6
 9
                12
                16
CM
Cameroon
 2
 2
 2
                  1
                  1
CN
China
            1’295
            1’706
            2’503
            3’951
           5’456
CO
Colombia
 24
 22
 23
                29
                31
CR
Costa Rica
 6
 6
 4
                  5
                  2
CU
Cuba
 20
 18
 11
                21
                20
CY
Cyprus
 28
 43
 30
                53
                67
CZ
Czech Republic
 83
 95
 117
              107
              123
DE
Germany
          14’662
          15’214
          15’984
          16’732
         18’134
DK
Denmark
            1’036
            1’049
            1’121
            1’157
           1’154
DO
Dominican Republic
                  2
DZ
Algeria
 5
 6
 4
                  3
                12
EC
Ecuador
 5
 9
 1
                  7
                  2
EE
Estonia
 8
 12
 13
                17
                29
EG
Egypt
 22
 53
 51
                41
                41
ES
Spain
 785
 823
            1’125
            1’198
           1’143
ET
Ethiopia
 1
                 –  
FI
Finland
            1’557
            1’672
            1’893
            1’845
           1’952
FJ
Fiji
                  1
FR
France
            5’171
            5’184
            5’748
            6’242
           6’370
GB
United Kingdom
            5’206
            5’027
            5’084
            5’090
           5’553
GE
Georgia
 3
 3
 4
                  8
                  6
GH
Ghana
                    2
GQ
Equatorial Guinea
 1
                  1
GR
Greece
 67
 79
 55
                84
                84
GT
Guatemala
 1
                  2
HK
Hong Kong, China
 4
 2
                  1
HN
Honduras
 1
HR
Croatia
 72
 76
 71
                74
                71
HU
Hungary
 114
 136
 160
              145
              160
ID
Indonesia
 2
 6
 8
                  8
                  9
IE
Ireland
 311
 322
 338
              423
              376
IL
Israel
            1’129
            1’227
            1’454
            1’589
           1’683
IN
India
 764
 724
 679
              831
              686
IQ
Iraq
                  1
IR
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
 2
 2
                  3
                  3
IS
Iceland
 58
 46
 44
                51
                51
IT
Italy
            2’163
            2’189
            2’349
            2’716
           2’927
JM
Jamaica
 2
                  1
JO
Jordan
 4
                  6
                  9
JP
Japan
          17’414
          20’264
          24’869
          27’033
         27’731
KE
Kenya
 2
 7
 7
                  5
                  3
KG
Kyrgyzstan
 2
 1
 1
                  2
KN
Saint Kitts and Nevis
 1
                  1
                  2
KP
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
 3
 3
 2
                  4
                  2
KR
Republic of Korea
            2’949
            3’558
            4’688
            5’944
           7’061
KW
Kuwait
 1
 3
 4
                  1
                  2
KY
Cayman Islands
 2
 9
 5
                10
                12
KZ
Kazakhstan
 7
 7
 8
                17
                10
LB
Lebanon
 5
 1
                  4
                  2
LC
Saint Lucia
 1
LI
Liechtenstein
 55
 47
 71
                77
                63
LK
Sri Lanka
 2
 2
                  3
                  7
LR
Liberia
 1
LT
Lithuania
 4
 9
 8
                10
                11
LU
Luxembourg
 117
 125
 119
              120
              147
LV
Latvia
 12
 12
 16
                17
                16
MA
Morocco
 7
 7
 9
                10
                17
MC
Monaco
 17
 16
 14
                14
                  7
MD
Republic of Moldova
 2
 3
 5
                  7
                  4
ME
Montenegro
                  2
MG
Madagascar
 1
 1
MH
Marshall Islands
 2
                  1
MK
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
 2
 4
 2
                  2
                  4
ML
Mali
 1
MN
Mongolia
                  6
MT
Malta
 3
 3
 10
                11
                12
MU
Mauritius
 5
 12
 3
                  7
                  9
MX
Mexico
 131
 118
 141
              180
              173
MY
Malaysia
 31
 45
 38
                60
              103
NA
Namibia
 2
 1
                  1
                  2
NG
Nigeria
 2
                  1
                  1
NL
Netherlands
            4’479
            4’284
            4’500
            4’529
           4’186
NO
Norway
 533
 476
 584
              609
              567
NZ
New Zealand
 300
 339
 349
              351
              291
OM
Oman
 2
PA
Panama
 16
 15
 17
                15
                12
PE
Peru
 2
                  1
                  2
PG
Papua New Guinea
 1
PH
Philippines
 21
 11
 26
                23
                15
PK
Pakistan
 2
                  3
                  4
PL
Poland
 154
 107
 97
              101
              102
PT
Portugal
 36
 49
 55
                68
                87
PY
Paraguay
 1
QA
Qatar
 1
 1
RO
Romania
 16
 18
 15
                26
                23
RS
Serbia
                  8
                20
RU
Russian Federation
 586
 519
 657
              695
              507
SA
Saudi Arabia
 28
 31
 39
                54
                35
SC
Seychelles
 3
 11
 2
                10
                  5
SD
Sudan
 2
 4
 6
                  3
                  4
SE
Sweden
            2’612
            2’851
            2’883
            3’316
           3’553
SG
Singapore
 282
 431
 443
              476
              542
SI
Slovenia
 65
 62
 86
                79
                82
SK
Slovakia
 26
 26
 31
                31
                37
SL
Sierra Leone
                  2
SM
San Marino
 3
 3
                  5
                20
SN
Senegal
 3
 1
                  3
                  1
SY
Syrian Arab Republic
 5
 4
                  7
                  2
SZ
Swaziland
                  1
TG
Togo
 2
TH
Thailand
 7
 12
 9
                11
                  5
TN
Tunisia
 5
 5
 10
                  3
                  7
TR
Turkey
 111
 115
 174
              269
              296
TT
Trinidad and Tobago
 2
 1
 1
                  3
                  1
UA
Ukraine
 58
 89
 60
                77
                84
US
United States of America
          41’030
          43’350
          46’804
          50’941
         52’280
UY
Uruguay
 11
 5
 5
                  4
                  4
UZ
Uzbekistan
 2
                  1
VC
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 3
 1
VE
Venezuela
 1
 1
 2
                  2
                  4
VG
Virgin Islands, British
 2
 11
 20
                15
                12
VN
Viet Nam
 7
 2
                10
                  5
VU
Vanuatu
 3
 1
 1
WS
Samoa
 1
                  1
YU
Serbia and Montenegro
 34
 29
 36
                24
                  1
ZA
South Africa
 357
 411
 358
              423
              390
ZW
Zimbabwe
 2
 3
 1
**
Not available
 229
              264
              261
              186
              186
Grand Total
        115’194
        122’610
        136’688
        149’156
       156’100

PCT CONTRACTING STATES

 During 2007, 2 new contracting states became bound by the PCT, namely: Angola (from 27 December 2007) and the Dominican Republic (from 28 May 2007) – bringing the number of states which had acceded to the PCT by 31 December 2007, to 138, as follows:

AE United Arab Emirates
EE Estonia (EP)
LC Saint Lucia
PT Portugal (EP)
AG Antigua and Barbuda
EG Egypt
LI Liechtenstein (EP)
RO Romania (EP)
AL Albania
ES Spain (EP)
LK Sri Lanka
RS Serbia
AM Armenia (EA)
FI Finland (EP)
LR Liberia
RU Russian
AO Angola
FR France (EP)
LS Lesotho (AP)
Federation (EA)
AT Austria (EP)
GA Gabon (OA)
LT Lithuania (EP)
SC Seychelles
AU Australia
GB United Kingdom (EP)
LU Luxembourg (EP)
SD Sudan (AP)
AZ Azerbaijan (EA)
GD Grenada
LV Latvia (EP)
SE Sweden (EP)
BA Bosnia and
GE Georgia
LY Libyan Arab
SG Singapore
Herzegovina
GH Ghana (AP)
 Jamahiriya
SI Slovenia (EP)
BB Barbados
GM Gambia (AP)
MA Morocco
SK Slovakia (EP)
BE Belgium (EP)
GN Guinea (OA)
MC Monaco (EP)
SL Sierra Leone (AP)
BF Burkina Faso (OA)
GQ Equatorial
MD Moldova (EA)
SM San Marino
BG Bulgaria (EP)
Guinea (OA)
ME Montenegro
SN Senegal (OA)
BH Bahrain
GR Greece (EP)
MG Madagascar
SV El Salvador
BJ Benin (OA)
GT Guatemala
MK The former
SY Syrian Arab
BR Brazil
GW Guinea-Bissau (OA)
Yugoslav Republic
 Republic
BW Botswana (AP)
HN Honduras
of Macedonia
SZ Swaziland (AP)
BY Belarus (EA)
HR Croatia1
ML Mali (OA)
TD Chad (OA)
BZ Belize
HU Hungary (EP)
MN Mongolia
TG Togo (OA)
CA Canada
ID Indonesia
MR Mauritania (OA)
TJ Tajikistan (EA)
CF Central African
IE Ireland (EP)
MT Malta (EP)
TM Turkmenistan (EA)
Republic (OA)
IL Israel
MW Malawi (AP)
TN Tunisia
CG Congo (OA)
IN India
MX Mexico
TR Turkey (EP)
CH Switzerland (EP)
IS Iceland (EP)
MY Malaysia
TT Trinidad and Tobago
CI Côte d’Ivoire (OA)
IT Italy (EP)
MZ Mozambique (AP)
TZ United Republic of
CM Cameroon (OA)
JP Japan
NA Namibia (AP)
Tanzania (AP)
CN China
KE Kenya (AP)
NE Niger (OA)
UA Ukraine
CO Colombia
KG Kyrgyzstan (EA)
NG Nigeria
UG Uganda (AP)
CR Costa Rica
KM Comoros
NI Nicaragua
US United States of
CU Cuba
KN Saint Kitts and
NL Netherlands (EP)
 America
CY Cyprus (EP)
Nevis
NO Norway
UZ Uzbekistan
CZ Czech Republic (EP)
KP Democratic People’s
NZ New Zealand
VC Saint Vincent and
DE Germany (EP)
Republic of Korea
OM Oman
 the Grenadines
DK Denmark (EP)
KR Republic of Korea
PG Papua New Guinea
VN Viet Nam
DM Dominica
KZ Kazakhstan (EA)
PH Philippines
ZA South Africa
DO Dominican Republic
LA Lao People’s
PL Poland (EP)
ZM Zambia (AP)
DZ Algeria
Democratic Republic
ZW Zimbabwe (AP)
EC Ecuador
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Categories: News

Career in Library & Information Science

February 24, 2008 8 comments

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The modern society is passing through the phase of information explosion. Information is available in print media such as books, periodicals, newspapers, maps etc. as well as in non-print media such as Compact Disks, phonograph records, films tapes, microforms etc. Management of various types of information is a challenge and a highly scientific task. It was the need to manage the information explosion and hence the library and information centers emerged. That was followed by the emergence of Library and Information Science. Library Science emerged as a discipline only in the end of the 19th century. With increase in micro-literature such as scientific periodicals, patents, theses etc., the new array of techniques emerged which was terms “Documentation”. Next to that, the society is facing the exponential growth of scientific literature, automation and new media of communication (such as Information Communication Technology-ICT). This brought sea change in the outlook of Librarians and Documentalists and more so in the users of information. Thus emerged “Information Science” where “Information” is at the center.  We can depict the phase of Library & information science” as follows:

*Books – Library Science

*Documents (Books+Mirco-literatures)-Documentation

*Information -Information Science

                                              

 Library and Information Centers are repositories of knowledge and information and entertainment. They contain books, periodicals, microfilms, CDs i.e. print and non-print media for education, research and entertainment etc. Those who scientifically and systematically organize and disseminate these information sources through vivid processes such as acquisition, cataloguing, classification, reference works and dissemination of information etc., are called ‘Librarians/Information Managers’. This profession is among top ten most coveted professions in developed countries [(http://www.competitionmaster.com) – careers in Library Science, p.1]

 Library and Information Science deals with all kinds of aspects related to Library and Information Centers with a motive to link the information seekers with the required information through various Library and Information operations.

 OBJECTIVE OF LIS Programme

Ø         To provide the students knowledge about basic principles and fundamentals of LIS;

Ø         To train the learners about various methodology and techniques of librarianship and information handling;

Ø         To make students understand the purpose and function of the Library/Information center in the changing scenario of the society;

Ø         To acquaint the learners of the application of different management techniques in managing the Information systems and services;

Ø         To familiarize the students with fundamentals and methodology of planning, designing and developing the Library and Information centers and their services at local, national, regional and global level;

Ø         To make the students aware of application of Information Technology/ICT to LIS;

Ø         To familiarize the learners about the basic knowledge of the quantitative and qualitative techniques in LIS such as statistical methods, quality management, Informetrics and Scientometrics etc.

Ø         To provide the students the basic knowledge of preservation and maintenance of the collections in Library/Information Centres, technical writings etc.

  PROGRAMMES IN LIS

SL.NO

Name of programmes

Eligibility

Duration

1.

Certificate in Library & Information Sc. (CLISc)/Certificate in Library Sc. (CLSc).

Matric/10+2 or equivalent

3 to 6 Months

2.

Certificate in Information, communication & Technology (ICT) Application in Library (CICTAL)

10+2 with CLISc/DLSc

6 Months

3

Diploma in Library & Information Sc (DLISc)/ Diploma in Library Sc (DLSc)

10+2 or equivalent

1 Yr

4

Bachelor of Library & Information Sc (BLSc)/Bachelor of Library Sc (BLSc)

Graduation or equivalent

1 Yr

5

BLISc/BLSc (LIS as subject at B.A level)

10+2 or equivalent

3 Yrs

6

Post Graduate Diploma in Libaray Automation & Networking (PGDLAN)

BLIS/BLSc

1 Yr

7

Master of Library & Information Sc. (MLISc)/ Master of Library Sc. (MLSc)

BLISc/BLSc

1 Yr

8

MLISc/MLSc (Integrated Course)

Graduation or equivalent

2 Yrs

9

Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (ADIS) [Equivalent to MLISc/MLSc

BLISc/BLSc/MBBS/BE/PG/ or equivalent

2 Yrs

10

Associateship of Information Science (ALS) [Equivalent to MLISc/MLSc]

BLISc/BLSc/MBBS/BE/PG/ or equivalent

2 Yrs

11

MSc (Information Science) [equivalent to MLISc/MLSc]

Graduation/MBBS/BE/B.Pharma/or equivalent

2 Yr

12

Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.

MLISc/MLSc or equivalent

1 Yr

13

Doctor of philosophy ( Ph.D)

Same as above

2 to 5 Yrs

14.

Doctor of Literature (D. Litt)

Ph.D

 SCHOOL OF LIS

The different programmes, in LIS given in bracket [ ] are available  in the following  University/Institutes(The list includes some prominent schools) :-

Ø         Andhra University, Visakhapatnam- 530 003 [MLISc, Mphil, Ph.D}]

Ø         Osamania University, Hyderabad- 500007 (www.osamiauniversity.ac.in)

Ø         Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Ananthapur- 515003 [MLISc, M Phil, Ph.D]

Ø         Sri Venkateshwaraa University, Tirupati- 517502. [MLISc, M Phil, Ph.D]

Ø         Gauhati University, Guwahati- 787014 (www.gu.ac.in) [MLISc, Ph.D] 

Ø         Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi- 835215 (www.bitmesra.ac.in)[MSc (Information Sc), Ph.D (Information Sc)

Ø         Lalit Narayan Mithila Univesity, Darbhanga- 846004 [BLISc]

Ø         Patna Unversity, Patna- 800005 (www.puonline.bih.nic.in)   [CLISc,   BLISc, MLISc(proposed)]

Ø         Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur- 812007 [BLISc, MLSc, Ph.D]

Ø         Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur- 495001(www.gguniversity.nic.in) [MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Pt. Ravi Shankar Shukla University, Raipur- 492010 [BLISc,MLISc,Ph.D]

Ø         National Institute of Science communication & Information Rersoureces (NISCAIR- formerly INSDOC), Dr.  K.S. Krishna Marg, Near pusa gate, New Delhi- 110012 (CSIR) [AIS,shorterm course: IT for Inf. Management, Lib. Automation and Resource sharing, Recent trends in LIS patent Drafiting and WINISIS (www.niscair.res.in)

Ø         University of Delhi, Tutorial Building, Delhi- 110007 (www.du.ac.in)[BLISs,MLISc,Mphil,Ph.D]

Ø         IGNOU, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi- 110068 (www.ignou.ac.in) [BLISc,MLISc,Ph.D, PGDLAN,)

Ø         Gujarat Vidyapith Library, Ashram Road, Amhedabad- 380014 [BLISc, MLISc. M Phil, Ph.D]

Ø         M S University of Baroda, Vadodara- 390002 (www.msubaroda.ac.in) [BLISc, MLISc]

Ø         Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra- 132119 (www.kukinfo.com) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D].

Ø         University of Jammu, Baba Sahib Ambedkar Road, campusJammu- 180006 [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Documentation Research and Training Center (DRTC), Indian Statistical Institute, 8th Mile, Mysore Road, Bangalore- 560005 [ADIS] (www.drtc.isibang.ac.in)

Ø         Gulbarga Universtiy, Jnana Ganga, Gulbarga- 585106 (www. Bangaloreuniversity.net)[MLISc,M.Phil., Ph.D]

Ø         Karnataka Universty, Pavate Nagar, Dharwad- 580003 (www. Kud.ernet.in) [MLISc, Ph.D]s

Ø         University of Kerala ,Tiruvanthpuram- 673632 [BLISc, MLISc, Mphil, Ph.D]

Ø         Barkatullah Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal- 462026 (www.bubhopal.nic.in) [BLISc, MLISc]

Ø         Dr. Harishingh Gaur Vishwavidyalaya, sagar- 470003 (www.sagaruniversity.nic.in) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D)

Ø         Jiwaji University, Central Library, Gwalior- 474001 [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University Institute of Journalism, E8, Trilanga, Bhopal- 462016 (www.mcu.ac.in) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D, BLIT, PGDLA]

Ø         .Nagpur University, Library Building, ramdaspeth, North Ambazari Maarg, Nagpur- 440010 [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         University of Pune, Jayakar Library, Ganeshkhind, pune 411007 [MLISc Mphil, Ph.D]                                                                                                     .     

Ø         Manipur University, Canchipur, Imphal- 795003 [BLISc]

Ø         North Eastern Hill University, Shilong-793002 (www.nehu.ac.in) [MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         .Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Burla, Sambalpur-768019[BLISc , MLISc, M.Phil, Ph.D]

Ø         Guru Nanak University, Amritsar,-143005 (www.gndusite.com) [BLISc , MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Punjabi University, Patiala-147002(www.universitypunjabi.org)  [DLSc, BLISc , MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         University of Rajasthan, Jaipur [BLISc and Documentation, MLISc and Documentation, Ph.D]

Ø         Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-608002 [MLISc, M.Phil, Ph.D]

Ø         University of Madras, Chennai-600005 (www.unom.ac.in) [MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002 [ BLISc , MLISc, M.Phil]

Ø         B.H.U, Varanasi-221005 (www.bhu.ac.in) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Bundelkhand University, Jhansi- 284128 (www.bundelkhanduniverstiy.net) [BLISc, MLISc,Ph.D]

Ø         University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007, [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D, Short Term course in Library Computerization]     

Ø         University of Burdwan, Burdwan-713104 ) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         University of Calcutta, Kolkata-700073 {www.caluniv.ac.in) ) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø         Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032 (www.jadavpur.edu) ) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]                                                                                                   

JOB OPPURTUNITIES IN LIS  

Today there are bright career prospects in Library and information Science. The qualified professionals are employed in vivid libraries and Information Centers. The job opportunities in LIS can be depicted in the following sectors:

      I. ACEDEMIC LIBRARY SECTOR:

The librarians and information professionals are needed for various academic libraries, which are established in order to satisfy the informational needs of the parent bodies. Academic libraries/Information centers include School libraries, College Libraries, University Libraries, Institutional Libraries/Information centers etc. Here it is remarkable that CBSE affiliated Schools have an organized Library, hence a librarian. As per UGC norms, Colleges and universities must have a good library.

II. SPECIAL LIBRARY SECTOR

Various Technical institutes have special libraries/Information centers which include Engineering Colleges, Medical Colleges, Management Colleges, Specialized Institutes/Organizations such as council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Industrial Companies like Steel Authority of India Ltd. (SAIL) etc. There is vast scope of career for qualified library/Information Professionals in these libraries/information centers.

 III. PUBLIC LIBRARY SECTOR

            There is large network of public libraries at Administrative levels of governments such as Villages, Panchayats, block, District Commissionery and State etc. In India we have a large number of Public Libraries as shown in the following table:

 Penetration of Public Libraries in India

Demography of India   

Number  

Public Libraries

Number

% Covered

State & Uts     

35

State Central Libraries 

28

80%

Districts 

592   

District Libraries

451 

76%

Talukas#       

3987 

Taluka Libraries

501

12.5%

Villages # #     

5,87,226

Rural Libraries 

28,820

4.9%

 

(Source:# census of India, 1991, ## Ghosh 2005)

Some NGOs are also running various public libraries.

            Thus it is clear that there are great job opportunities, for Library/ Information professionals in the public library sector in India.

 IV. CORPORATE SECTOR: Specially big companies maintain Libraries/Information Centers for their informational needs.  These companies employ qualified professionals as Information Scientists, Information managers, Database managers, Resource Managers, Knowledge worker,, Library supervisor, Librarians etc.

            There is good news that recently the National Knowledge commission of India has recommended the formation of the National Library commission to strengthen the library networks in India.  Thus the scope of librarianship becomes brighter.

            With the information revolution, qualified Library/Information professionals are diversifying to several new growth areas such as database management, reference tool development, training of database users, systems analysis especially relating to computer work, documentation works, bibliographical works and Organisation & management of information units. Entrepreneurial Librarians/Information professionals also start their own consulting practices, acting as freelance Librarians or information brokers and providing services to other libraries, businesses or government agencies.

            Conclusively today career in LIS is multidimensional, ever growing and bright which is significantly enriching the knowledge base of the society for prosperity and progress. 

 *Assistant University Librarian,(Central Library, Ranchi University),Qr.No.25/10, Ranchi University Colony, Bariatu, Ranchi-834009.(Email:uskk_17@yahoo.co.in)

**Staff & Part Time Counsellor, IGNOU Regional Centre, Ranchi –834002

(Email:bkdasignou@indiatimes.com)


Author:
SANJAY KUMAR KARN* & BASANTA KUMAR DAS**

Source: Employment News Vol.XXXII, No.46 (19 FEb.08- 25 Feb. 08)

http://www.employmentnews.gov.in/article.html?aid=168

Categories: News

SAGE Journals is offering Free Trial Access

February 19, 2008 Leave a comment

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SAGE Journals is offering Free Trial Access to following mentioned Journals.For more details Log on to http://online.sagepub.com

The following journals are available for a free trial. Please click on the trial you are interested in to register for free access.

  • All Research Methods and Evaluation Journals are Free to Access Trial until 31st March 2008 – Thankyou for your interest in the Free Trial to these leading SAGE journals in the field of Research Methods and Evaluation. Once you register, you will have online access to: Action Research American Journal of Evaluation Cultural Studies -…
  • Clothing & Textiles Research Journal Free Trial – [SAGE Publications… The Academic and Professional Publisher of Choice] [IMG] Free Access to Clothing Textiles Research Journal January – March 2008 [Clothing & Textiles Research Journal] By registering for this free trial, you will gain…
  • Emotion Review – Register now to be offered free online access to the the complete first Volume of Emotion Review (published from 2009)
  • Innate Immunity 6 months FREE – Welcome to the 6 month free trial to INNATE IMMUNITY. Register now for access until August 31 2008.
  • Media, War & ConflictFree Online Access to Volume 1 of Media, War & Conflict [First issue April 2008] (Access ends 31 December, 2008)
  • Memory StudiesFree Online Access to Volume 1 of Memory Studies [First issue January 2008] (Access ends 31 December, 2008]
  • POM / RSME trial – FREE Online Access to Psychology of Music and Research Studies in Music Education – journals of SEMPRE (access ends 30th April, 2008) Get acquainted with the two journals of the Society for Education, Music and Psychology Research (SEMPRE) now…
  • Sociology Free Online Trial (Jan.1-Feb.29, 2008) – [SAGE Publications… The Academic and Professional Publisher of Choice] [IMG] Free Online Trial to SAGE Journals in Sociology January 1 – February 29, 2008 Acta Sociologica American Behavioral Scientist Body Society Childhood Clothing …
  • The Diabetes Educator – Welcome to the free trial period for The Diabetes Educator. Register for free access – ends March 30 2008
  • Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease FREE Trial – Free Online Access to Volumes 1 and 2 of Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease [First issue October 2007] (Access ends 31 December, 2008) [IMG]Thank you for your interest in Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease vol.1 and vol.2…
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  • Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease FREE Trial – Vol. 1 and Vol. 2 Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease [First issue Oct 2007] (Access ends 31 December, 2008) [IMG]Thank you for your interest in Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease vol. 1 and vol. 2 free trial.

http://online.sagepub.com

    Know about File extensions in http://www.file-extensions.org/

    February 16, 2008 Leave a comment

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    File extensions are usually three or four letter codes at the end of computer file names that tell to operating system (Microsoft Windows Vista, Windows XP, Windows 95/98/ME/2000,MAC OS X, Linux and Unix operating systems etc.) what kind of file they are dealing with. Tell to OS which applications can automaticaly open or edit the file.
    We researched and collected a very large list of the file extensions and many with detailed explanations of each file type and the way they are used today. In File Extensions
    http://www.file-extensions.org/  you can find details of file extension, including  easy-to-understand descriptions and associated applications. Search by extension, view common and most visited extensions, and click for extension categories  including audio and music files, game files, system files and text  files.


    http://www.file-extensions.org/

    Categories: Information Resources

    SCImago Journal & Country Rank

    February 15, 2008 Leave a comment

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    This is being billed as a possible alternative to Thomson’s Impact  Factors. The indicators included in the SJR portal were calculated from the  information exported from the Scopus® database on March 2007 and will  be updated periodically. It allows you to list journals according to various indicators, such as: Rank: Journal Rank. Title: Journal title. SJR (SCImago Journal Rank): The SJR is an indicator that expresses the number of connections that a journal receives through the citation of its documents divided between the total of documents published in the year selected by the publication, weighted according to the amount of incoming and outgoing connections of the sources. See detailed description of SJR H Index: H index of de journal in this database. The h-index is an index that quantifies both the scientific productivity and the scientific impact of a journal (it is also applicable to scientists, countries…). The index is based on the set of the journal’s most quoted papers and the number of citations that they have received in others publications. (see H-index wikipedia definition). Total Docs. (1year): Total of published documents. The calculation of this indicator considers all the types of documents included in a journal. Total Docs. (3year): Total of documents published in a 3 year period. The calculation of this indicator takes into account the total of works (any type of document) published in the three previous years. For example, Total Docs (3year) of 2006 is calculated on the basis of the works published in 2003, 2004 and 2005. Total Refs. : Total number of references. It is the sum of all the bibliographical references per journal per year. Total Cites (3years): Total of document citations received by a journal in a 3 year period. This indicator is estimated taking account of all the types of documents contained in a journal in the year selected and the bibliographical references they include to any published document in the three previous years. Citable Docs.: Total of articles and reviews published in a 3 year period. The calculation of this indicator is based exclusively on scientific articles and reviews from the three years previous to the selected year. Cites x Doc. (2years): Citation average by document in a 2 year period. This indicator is calculated considering the number of citations received in the previous 2 years and the total of documents published in the selected year. Ref. x Doc.: Average of references by document. In order to find this indicator the total of references included in the documents contained in a journal for the selected year is divided by the total of documents published in that same year. Country: Journals country. Self Cites: Journal self-citation. This indicator is estimated taking account of all the types of documents contained in a journal in the selected year citing the journal in which they are published. Non-citable documents: This indicator is calculated by the difference  between Total Docs. and Citable Doc.

    About SCImago Journal:

    world.gif The SCImago Journal & Country Rank is a portal that includes the journals and country scientific indicators developed from the information contained in the Scopus® database (Elsevier B.V.). These indicators could be used to assess and analyze scientific domains. This platform takes its name from the SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) indicatorpdf, developed by SCImago from the widely known algorithm Google PageRank™. This indicator shows the visibility of the journals contained in the Scopus® database from 1996. SCImago is a research group from the University of Granada, Extremadura, Carlos III (Madrid) and Alcalá de Henares, dedicated to information analysis, representation and retrieval by means of visualisation techniques. As well as SJR Portal, SCImago has developed The Atlas of Science project, which proposes the creation of an information system whose major aims is to achieve a graphic representation of the IberoAmerican Science Research. Such representation is conceived as a collection of interactive maps, allowing navigation functions throughout the semantic spaces formed by the maps. It is developed by :  

    http://www.scimagojr.com/

    Categories: Information Resources

    New Journal on Library:Code4Lib Journal (ISSN 1940-5758)

    February 15, 2008 Leave a comment

    The Code4Lib Journal exists to foster community and share information among those interested in the intersection of libraries, technology, and the future.

    Communication and sharing among technologists

    Libraries have seized upon advances in computer technology, using computers and the Internet to offer unprecedented access to information and library resources. Ironically, the prodigious increase in tools for accessing information has left many with difficulty managing information about these tools. Projects are announced on blogs, in IRC channels, on websites, at conferences, and many other venues. It can require a research project just to find out what a tool does. Online professional/social networks help mitigate this problem, but entering into these networks can present an unnecessary obstacle to the uninitiated.

    The Code4Lib Journal (C4LJ) will provide an access point for people looking to learn more about these tools, about approaches and solutions to real-world problems, and about possibilities for building on the work of others, so that the wheel need only be invented once, and can then be cooperatively improved by all.

    Communication with the larger library community

    As librarians and information workers develop new standards and processes to address changing technologies, it is imperative that those developing and maintaining those technologies communicate with the standards-makers and the wider communities. Emerging standards should be developed with an eye towards the capabilities of current technologies, and technologies should be developed with an eye towards the requirements of librarians, libraries, and their users. C4LJ will support communication between these communities, such that they augment rather than inhibit each other.

    By communicating both the problems and possibilities of current and future systems to the wider library community, C4LJ aims to help engender collective understanding and the necessary support for improving library technology and digital services.

    For more detail visit :http://journal.code4lib.org/

    Categories: Information Resources

    Library Professional Assistant (01 No.)(OPEN) IN IIM Indore

    February 14, 2008 Leave a comment

    Library Professional Assistant (1 Vacancy) – Candidate should have a
    degree in any discipline with graduation/ post-graduation in Library
    Science or/and Information Science or/and Associateship in Information
    Science conducted by DRTC/INSDOC and below 35 years with three years
    of work experience. Candidate should be able to manage digital and
    fully computerized library and implement various library electronic
    resources to IIMI Community. He/She has to work in various library
    functions., viz. Book Acquisition, Periodicals, Circulation,
    Electronic Information and Information Services on shifts. Candidates
    with work experience in library of an academic or research institute
    and proficiency in the use of computers will be preferred.

    Scale of Pay – Rs. 5000-150-8000.

    General Conditions

    1. Mere fulfilling of the minimum qualifications and experience
    will not vest any right in candidates for being called for interview.
    Decision of the Institute to call the candidates for selection shall
    be final;
    2. In addition to the basic pay, incumbents will also be eligible
    for Dearness Pay (50% of Basic Pay), Dearness Allowance (Present DA @
    41% of Basic + Dearness Pay), House Rent Allowance (15% of Basic +
    Dearness Pay), City Compensatory Allowance, Transport Allowance,
    Provident Fund (under Employees’ Provident Funds & Miscellaneous
    Provisions Act, 1952), Pension (under Employees’ Pension Scheme,
    1995), Gratuity, Leave Travel Allowance, Reimbursement of Medical
    Expenses, etc, as per Institute’s Rules.

    3.SC/ST/OBC/ Person With Disabilities/ in service candidates will be
    given age relaxation as per Government of India rules.

    4.Higher start in the time scale may be considered in case of
    exceptionally deserving candidates.

    Categories: Oppertunity